AP World History
Test Review: Rise of Islam and East Asia (Chapter 14 and 15)
1 . Talk about the following with regards to Islam:
A. FOUNDING: Islam was founded by simply Muhammad if he received expression from Thor in a prophecy (or vision). He began existence in Mecca where idolatry was a primary fact of life but had to flee to Madinah to escape criminal prosecution in what is at a be known as the Hijrah. Islam spread through his family at first yet later his companions called sahabat continued his operate by a number of successful conquests which propagate Islam to the majority of of the midsection east. Islam reached it high level when Muhammad and his military from Madinah conquered Mecca which was after deemed to the the O City. N. BELIEFS: 1) Daily plea (Salat), 2) Donating to poor (Zakkat), 3) Going to Mecca (Pilgramage) (Hajj), 4) Fasting through the holy month of Ramadan (Siam) 5)There is one God (Allah) (Shahada)
Muhammad is the last prophet of God in a series of prophets beginning with Hersker since the start of the earth. Our god is monotheistic, an undivided God. Jesus was simply a telepathist, a mere guy, not Our god nor the Son of God. This individual did not die on the combination, but came about into paradise by the will certainly of The almighty. The Qur'an is the last book of God given to Muhammad through the Holy Heart (or angel Gabriel) which is not corrupt unlike the Torah, Psalms, and gospels of Jesus. When needed of resurrection, God will assign everyone heaven or perhaps hell relying on their deeds in this your life.
C. DEVELOPMENT: After the prophet Muhammad's fatality many desert nomads yet others claimed being prophets, during this period Abu Bakr went to conflict with these people to prove them since false. Following Abu Bakr, Umr overtook Persia, and other parts of Asia Minor, after years Tariq trash can Ziyad took over Spain and Islam little by little traveled nevertheless Europe.
PADA. ABU BAKR: Closest friend and companion of Muhammad and the first Muslim caliph. Having been one of the first guys to come to be Islam, and was chosen by the Prophet as his companion on the hijrah to Medina. Helped compile the Quaran via Muhammad's words. Dar al-Islam appeared after his death. Led a large number of wars of conquest and invasions bringing about the growth of Islam. Was in the Sunni's favor.
DII. ALI: Shiite's pick for Muhammad's successor. the second person to belief in the teachings of Mohammed. A detailed associate and adviser of Mohammed every his lifestyle, Ali was renowned like a pious guy, an honest evaluate, a warrior, and an innovator.
E. HIJRA: The exodus of Prophet and his supporters from Mecca to Medina in 622.
F. HAJJ: The 6th of the Five Pillars of Islam. That lays your goal of each Muslim carrying out a pilgrimage to Great place to worship at the Kaaba and to rededicate themselves to Allah in sites essential in his your life.
G. ROLE OF WOMEN: Islam gave girls rights and privileges at the same time when just barbaric good manners and values dominated. Girls are considered important members of society in Islam being that they are assigned the work of mentioning future years and sometimes monetary control. They could lawfully inherit terrain, divorce partners on their own project and engage running a business venture.
H. DAR AL-ISLAM:
HI. WHAT REALLY DOES THE TERM IMPLY: It's the area of the world beneath Islamic control. The opposite of Dar al-Garb ( the house of war ) which usually comprises all of the not yet required to convert to Islam.
HII. CULTURE: Included software program crops just like sugar cane, rice, new vegetable and fruit; professional crops including cotton, indigo and henna. These fresh crops resulted in a richer and more varied diet. More food since they may extend their very own growing conditions. Travel and communication urged experimentation. Paid out very close focus on fertilization, plants rotation and outlined their findings in hundreds or perhaps agricultural manuals. Increased financial growth. Increased production resulted in the quick growth of Islamic cities.
HIII. INDUSTRY: Their very own new industrial crops acquired important uses in the fabric and garments industry....